The overview of peace education is a comprehensive participatory process and includes what teaching is “for” and what teaching is “about.” For example, democracy, human rights, non-violence, social and economic justice, gender equality, environmental sustainability, disarmament, traditional peacemaking, international law, and human security. The most fundamental and effective tool for realizing peace education ideals is curriculum, because it consists of a series of plans and arrangements for achieving educational objectives as the implementation of peace education curriculum can imbue students with the values and attitudes they should have as they pursue peace in this globalized world of ours.
Particularly, the script in textbooks can be used for teaching ethnic hatred or they can be used to promote the truths of peace and to subtly influence generations of children in countries around the world as well as how they get along. In today’s world of changing technology, ubiquitous disasters, and grim economic conditions, UNESCO is working tirelessly to facilitate understanding around the world as it underscores the idea that textbooks should be accurate, balanced, updated, and unbiased and should be designed to enhance perception and understanding between different peoples and countries.
The International Forum on Education for Non-Violence (UNESCO, Portugal, 22 May 1996) put forward general recommendations for action in curriculum development should include:
The Inter-Regional Experts’ Meeting (UNESCO, Paris, 14-15 June 2007) aimed at developing ‘Guidelines for Promoting Peace and Intercultural Understanding through Curricula, Textbooks and Learning Materials.’ All presentations and discussions focused on three major themes:
In the context of globalization, advocating and implementation of peace education is becoming increasingly important and textbook development and design of particular importance.
Harris, I. (2002). Conceptual Underpinnings of Peace Education. In Salomon & Nevo (Eds.), Peace Education: The Concept, Principles, and Practices Around the World. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Reardon, B. (1988). Comprehensive peace education: Educating for global responsibility. New York: Teachers College Press.
UNESCO(1996). Culture of peace, guidelines for a plan of action for UNESCO international project for culture of peace and non-violence in educational institutions. International Forum on Education foe Non-Violence, Sintra, Portugal, 22 May, 1996.
UNESCO(2007). Inter-Regional Experts’ Meeting: Thinking and Building Peace through Innovative Textbook Design. 14-15 June, 2007. UNESCO Headquarters Annex, Bonvin XIV.